More than 190 countries have adopted a sweeping agreement to protect nature at the United Nations’ biodiversity conference in Montreal. The agreement includes 22 targets aimed at halting the biodiversity crisis, including a pledge to protect 30% of land and oceans by 2030. Only 17% of land and 10% of oceans are currently considered protected. Campaigners have hailed it as a “major milestone” for conserving complex, fragile ecosystems on which everyone depends. But some countries were unhappy, criticizing the agreement for not going far enough. The Democratic Republic of Congo has said it cannot support the agreement. …The framework also includes an agreement to reform $500 billion of subsidies that are harmful to nature, and to increase biodiversity financing to developing countries. …The agreement has been criticized for lacking quantifiable pledges around reducing production and consumption, which are key drivers of biodiversity loss. The agreement is not legally binding. …The next biodiversity summit will take place in 2024.