JAKARTA, Indonesia — After years of declining deforestation, forest loss caused by Indonesia’s pulp sector is on the rise again, showing a fivefold increase in 2022 compared with 2017 levels, a new analysis shows. In the 1990s and 2000s, Indonesia’s pulp and paper industry was among the country’s primary drivers of deforestation. …In recent years, in light of public pressure, an increasing number of producers and buyers of wood pulp and paper have adopted zero-deforestation commitments, notably two of the country’s largest producers: Asia Pulp & Paper (APP), and Asia Pacific Resources International. The corporate commitments to stop deforestation were followed by dramatic declines in deforestation, with the average deforestation rate falling by 85%. …However, wood pulp-driven deforestation started to rise again beginning in 2017, spiking nearly fivefold between 2017 and 2022, according to the analysis by Trase. The uptick in deforestation is likely to be driven by an increase in wood consumption.