The U.S. economy grew at a surprisingly strong pace in the fourth quarter, mainly fueled by resilient consumer spending. However, the fourth quarter data from the GDP report suggests that inflation is cooling. The GDP price index rose 1.5% for the fourth quarter, down from a 3.3% increase in the third quarter. The Personal Consumption Expenditures Price Index, which measures inflation across various consumer expenses and reflects changes in consumer behavior, rose 1.7% in the fourth quarter, down from a 2.6% increase in the third quarter. According to the “advance” estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, real gross domestic product increased at an annual rate of 3.3% in the fourth quarter of 2023, following a 4.9% gain in the third quarter. It marks the sixth consecutive quarter of growth.